Vimanas: Ancient Wisdom on Wings

Vimana of Chenna Kesava Temple Mosale.
Image credit source

Vimanas: Ancient Wisdom on Wings


By Anand Balaji


ONE OF MANKIND’S OLDEST FASCINATIONS has been with the concept of flight. Recorded history cites the 1780s as the period when the human race, through the combined efforts of two Frenchmen (the Montgolfier brothers), rose to the air in a hot air balloon near Paris.

In the decades that followed, heavier-than-air flight was considered to be the ultimate challenge. But despite theories afloat at the time which said we took to the skies as early as the 13th century AD, it wasn’t until the Wright brothers made their first successful flight at Kitty Hawk in 1903 that powered flight became a reality.


But researches into the hoary secrets of aviation believe that the knowledge of flight existed among ancient civilizations in Egypt, China, Peru and Columbia. However, India was perhaps the torchbearer of that glorious tradition, which many still consider a myth.


Emperor Ashoka (304–232 BC), also known as Ashoka the Great, is believed to have started a “Secret Society of the Nine Unknown Men” — great Indian scientists who were supposed to catalogue the many mysterious sciences in existence back then. The monarch kept their work secret because he was afraid that the advanced revelations, culled from ancient Indian sources, would be used for the evil purpose of war, which the Buddhist ruler reviled.

A c. 1st century BCE/CE relief from Sanchi, showing Ashoka on his chariot, visiting the Nagas at Ramagrama. Image credit Wiki

These “Nine Unknown Men” are said to have written nine books, one of which was titled ‘The Secrets of Gravitation’ dealing with gravity control. Quite astounding a subject for the time and age!


Part of the Mahabharata, the Bhagavad Gita is 10 times longer than Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey combined, and was written between the 5th and 2nd century BC. This ancient book contains numerous passages that speak of Gods who flew around in aerial vehicles or “flying chariots” called Vimanas that were armed with deadly weapons that had the capacity to destroy entire cities.


The Vimana has been described as a double-deck, circular aircraft which had portholes and a dome and was propelled by a yellowish-white liquid, possibly some sort of mercury compound. An extract says: “The Vimana is a weapon so powerful that it can destroy the Earth in an instant… it makes a great soaring sound, in smoke and flames. And on it sits Death.”


Mughal Empire


A passage from the Mahabharata reads: “A swift and powerful Vimana hurled a single projectile charged with all the power of the universe… an incandescent column of white hot smoke and flame as bright as 10,000 Suns, rose in all its splendor.”


The Ramayana itself is a work filled with material pointing to the knowledge of flight. Remember how the evil Ravana is said to have taken Sita to Lanka in a flying chariot?

Jain works too are packed with details of Vimanas like flight manuals and their control. For example, the Samara Sutradhara is a scientific treatise dealing with every possible angle of air travel in a Vimana. There are 230 stanzas dealing with the construction, take-off, cruising for thousands of miles, normal and forced landings, and even possible collisions with birds.


In 1875, the Vaimanika Sastra, a fourth century B.C. text written by Rishi Bharadwaj, using even older texts as his source, was rediscovered in a temple. It dealt with information on the steering, precautions for long flights, protection of the airships from storms and lightening, and how to switch the drive to ‘solar energy’ from a free energy source (which sounds like (anti-gravity). The sage referred to no less than 70 authorities and 10 experts on air travel in antiquity.


The Kebra Nagast, the holy book of the Ethiopians, says King Solomon from Biblical times had a flying vehicle in which he visited modern-day Pakistan, Iran and Tibet. Legend has it that Solomon was passionate about making maps of the places over which he flew. Mind-boggling, isn’t it?


When Alexander the Great (356-323 B.C.) invaded India more than two thousand years ago, his historians chronicled that at one point they were attacked by ‘flying, fiery shields’ that dove at his army and frightened the cavalry. There was however, no loss of life or any other manner of damage reported.


Campaigns and landmarks of Alexander’s invasion of northwest Indian subcontinent. Source

It is interesting to note that it was the Nazis who developed the first practical pulse-jet engines for their V-8 rocket ‘buzz bombs’. Strangely enough, Hitler and the Nazi staff were exceptionally interested in ancient India and Tibet; so much so that they sent expeditions to both these places in order to gather esoteric evidence which could be used in war.

Perhaps this timeless knowledge at our disposal has a message, in that, almost all of these civilizations destroyed themselves due to the abuse of their advanced technology. That’s something for us ponder about, is it not?



Independent Researcher.

1 Response

  1. MonkeyKing says:

    I don’t understand this belief in ancient flying machines, sure people wrote down stuff regarding them but its little more than fiction. There is no hard evidence on the existence of flying machines, also the Vaimanika Sastra,, has been debunked in the 1970’s by IIT in India, who hace said that not only is there no evidence of the book being older that 1904 (which is pretty recent) there seems to be evidence that someone who had a brief knowledge of early aviation may have been the author, as they borrowed poorly from the source material.

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